5G network is the new rave in mobile internet connectivity. The technology has been in development since 2017 and was set to be released this year 2020. 5G stands for fifth-generation cellular wireless network, and the initial standards for it were set at the end of 2017. The G in this 5G means it’s a generation of wireless technology. There have been four previous cellular networks before it. We’ve had 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G which is still the most used internet connection used in Nigeria.
5G promises one main benefit over, it’s 4G predecessor. 5G comes with greater bandwidth, giving higher download speeds, up to 10 gigabits per second (Gbit/s).
5G will greatly increase the speed and responsiveness of wireless networks and expand them to enable hundreds of thousands of connections. 5G offers greater capacity, higher data rates and much lower latency.
Consumers will benefit three main things from 5G’s faster internet connectivity.
For smartphone users, the main advantage of 5G over 4G is better coverage, i.e., signals will hit previously hard-to-reach places with connection guaranteed as part of service plans. Also internet time will be upgraded and response time in will be much more faster. 5G has a 100 times better capacity (bandwidth) in the Cloud than 4G and 20 times faster than 4G.
For example, to download a 2-hour film on 3G network will take 26 hours, on 4G network will take about six minute but to download on 5G will take three and a half seconds that’s how fast 5G is. Also 4G as a response time of a little less than 50 milliseconds but 5G as a response time of 1 milliseconds which is 400 times faster than the blink of the eye. That’s how fast our smartphones respond to clicks and commands.
For the autonomous automobile industry 5G will make self-driving cars possible. Self-driving cars need a continuous stream of data and the quicker that information is delivered to the autonomous vehicle the better and safer they can be and 5G will make that possible.
When the 5G reaches its full capacity it will make smart homes and smart cities a reality. 5G will serve as a connecting medium for innovations such as the Internet of things (IoT) and network slicing, creating a smarter, more connected world.
Even with most developed country racing to grab a hold of the 5G network it’s said that 5G will continue to lag behind 4G and 3G in terms of global mobile connection till 2025.
As of now coverage for 5G network is limited with very few 5G phones available in the market. The cost of infrastructure is also a big factor many network providers will have to consider. 5G needs a whole new array of infrastructure for the network providers to make it available.
Many myths and conspiracy theories have been cropped up since the introduction of 5G